The estimated total length of the Oman National railway network is 2135km. It is divided into several segments linking Oman's borders with the UAE to Muscat, as part of the GCC Railway Network and also to the southern parts of the country - Port of Al Duqm, the Port of Salalah and the Yemen border. The railway is double track, non-electrified and it is designed to serve mixed freight and passenger traffic. Freight train maximum speeds shall be 120 km/hr and for passenger trains - 220 km/hr (the corridor will be designed to 350 km/hr for possible future line-speed increases).
The railway design shall follow international standards (e.g. UIC, AREMA) and best practice.